What are China and India? China and India are most likely some of the most glorious countries that our earth has ever seen. Combined, they carry around 40% of the entire world’s population. Despite the war-enraged past of China and the caste conflicts of India, both are successful today.
In 1976, a larger-than-life character of China and the Cold War named Mao Zedong passed away. His impact on China was immense. At a ripe age of 82 years old, he died as he had lived – basking in glory as China’s Communist Party Chairman. Less relevant Chinese rulers took his place, and eventually Deng Xiaoping came to power. According to the quote in the textbook, he said, “I don’t care if a cat is black or white, as long as it catches mice.” Mice represents monetary success of the government. This shows he believed that money was a main goal for the government of a country to achieve. He single-handedly proliferated China’s economic growth and ignored the filth of the government. The program he put forth was called the Four Modernizations, and consisted of accentuating Agriculture, Industry, Defense, and Science (AIDS). Although the government was still communist, more capitalistic ideals surfaced. Communes were lessened and peasants were given land to farm by the government. They were managed by the people but parts of the crops were taken by the government. Foreign investing also increased greatly when businesses were set up and outside influence was accepted. Over time, China grew to resemble a capitalist society, with a growing wage gap between wealthier city-people and the workers of the land.
The outside influence as well as capitalist success began to build up. Chinese protestors from various backgrounds numbered around 100 million. They vied for democratic increase in China’s government. However, Deng was not just ready yet to release communism. As a huge collection of students and protestors met at Tiananmen Square, Beijing, the communist party struck down with their iron fist. Tanks and troops killed several thousands of people in a massacre. Whereas Deng’s priority was economy, this act showed that political control was not to be trifled with; political freedom would not be allowed.
The Communist government of China is one of the most glorious of the world. After Mao Zedong’s passing, Deng came to power and instated powerful economic significance enveloping China to around the world. The increase in trade and foreign partaking was huge, and some people began to lead luxurious lives.
Chan, John. “World Socialist Web Site.” Origins and consequences of the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre – World Socialist Web Site. N.p., 04 June 2009. Web. 22 May 2017.
“Mao Zedong Dies.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.