Fourteen-year-old Jemmy is in a tough position. He has been trying to break into the kool group at school, and now one of the members of the koolies has invited him to a gala on Sunday. He truly wishes to go, but he has already offered to help his band group with an exercise for seventh graders that night. He understands that there will be drinking at the gala, and he promised his mamma that he’d never drink in high school. She has invested her trust in his minds and body thoroughly.
Jemmy’s decision would theoretically be affected by several factors that appear in the cognitive theories of Piaget, Kohlberg, and Erikson. His age correlates with his decision, and being a sixteen year old, is venturing into the formal operational stage of Piaget’s steps. The authority that he sees in his life has influence on his moral standpoint of leaving. Jemmy’s formation identity also can depend on this choice.
Piaget believed that the youthful ages of an individual corresponded with their brain processes and progression of viewing the world. The child would begin to sense the environment around them and eventually develop the feature of logical thinking. Jemmy’s age of sixteen shows that he has completed Piaget’s proposal of concrete operational thinking. Jemmy is able to put himself in his mother’s shoes. If he can detect the dismay that would come if he were to betray his mother’s trust, then Jemmy would most likely avoid going to the party with the alcohol.
Kohlberg’s stages of morality reference the relationship that people have to authority in their lives. Again, Jemmy’s age comes into play, as he sees his mother as a figure of authority of whom he does not wish to lose the trust of. Trust is an extremely important part of Jemmy’s life, and keeping it is vital in the stage he is in: conventional morality. An irregularity would show that Kohlberg’s ideas could be false, but Jemmy would typically do the activity he was meant to do instead of risking his reputation and relationship with his maternal parent.
Erikson was extremely interested in the concept of identity crisis. He chose to use the term when a youthful person was stuck making a decision that would decide a major course in their life. Jemmy is most likely observing the choice he has to make in a manner that accentuated the negative portions of doing the wrong thing. In order to avoid tarnishing his identity by going and doing stereotypical high school activities, Jemmy will preserve his mother’s trust and avoid the risk. The identity crisis will be solved when he does not go.
Jemmy will not attend the party with the risk of drinking in order to preserve the relationship with his mother, the trust he has built with her, and the identity he wishes to keep. His age correlates with each meticulous step in the three different theories of psychologists and youth growth in the mind.
His psychological torture will be solved, as he will decide not to betray his maternal parent’s trust.